Tennessee Documentary History
  Multiple Collection Search     View bookbag 
your bookbag has 0 items 

Title:[Letter] 1785 Sept. 19, Chotee to Gov[ernor of North Carolina, Richard] Caswell / Col[onel] Joseph Martin: a machine-readable transcription of an image
Author:Martin, Joseph

This work is the property of The Tennessee State Library and Archives, Nashville, TN. It may be used freely by individuals for research, teaching, and personal use as long as this statement of availability is included in the text.

Date: September 19,1785
Extent: 3p
Summary:This document is a copy of a letter from Colonel Joseph Martin, at Chotee, to Richard Caswell, Governor of North Carolina (1776-1780, 1784-1787), dated September 19, 1785. Martin reports that he has assumed the duties of Indian agent (to the Cherokees) and has a considerably difficult summer due to frequent encroachments by inhabitants of the state of Franklin, as well as meddlesome talks from the Spaniards and the western Indians. He mentions the former British agent, Mr. McDonald and his relationship with the Chickamauga Cherokees, Alexander McGillivray, and the Creeks.
Repository:The Tennessee State Library and Archives, Nashville, TN
Collection:State Library Cherokee Collection
Box: 1
Folder: 17

Page [1]  view page image

N.C. State &
Col. Joseph Martin to Gov. Caswell

Chotee ,19 Sept., 1785.
Dear Sir: etc.-

"I am now on the duties of the office (Indian Agent) and have had more trouble with the Indians in the course of the Summer, than I ever had, owing to the rapid encroachment of the people from the New State ( Franklin ), together with the Talks from the Spaniards and the western Indians.

Two Wyandot Chiefs are now at Chickamagga , etc.-

The Indians here are much concerned at the people living on Little River , I refer your Excellency

Page [2]  view page image

to their talks which they have counciled [counseled] on for six days.

I have with much pains and some artifice prevailed on Mr. McDonald , the former British Agent, to correspond with me. I have enclosed a copy of his letter to your Excellency in case of a war with any foreign power. he may be very service[added: a]ble or very dangerous.

He lives about 25 miles south west from Chickamagga . Which is the [unclear: Hougest [Hugest] ] part of the Cherokee Nation . He has great influence with the Indians on that quarter, deals at Pensacola , corresponds with Mr. Gilvry , in the Creek Nation and one Mr. McClatchey at the mouth of St. Mary's , a British Merchant who furnishes some part

Page [3]  view page image

of the Towns near him with goods. I flatter myself that with his Assistance I shall be able to furnish your Excellency with the earliest and best Intelligence that can be had from that quarter.

A product of DLPS
To comment or inquire about content, contact UTK Special Collections
To report errors, contact UTK Special Collections