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Title:[Letter] 1802 Apr. 28, [to] Colo[nel] Henry McKinney, Jackson County, [Tennessee] / Archibald Roane: a machine-readable transcription
Author:Tennessee. Governor (1801-1803 : Roane)

This work is the property of The Tennessee State Library and Archives, Nashville, TN. It may be used freely by individuals for research, teaching, and personal use as long as this statement of availability is included in the text.

Date: April 28,1802
Extent: 4p
Summary:This document is a letter from Archibald Roane, Governor of Tennessee (1801-1803), to Colonel Henry McKinney, in Jackson County (Tennessee), dated April 28, 1802. Roane informs McKinney that he has information regarding the recent depredations committed by inhabitants of Jackson County and is fearful of reprisal by the Indians in the area. He indicates his intention to placate the Indians, but urges McKinney to seek criminal charges against the perpetrators, despite any deals they may have made to avoid justice. He refers to an enclosure from Mr. B. Blackburn that is no longer attached. Another letter from Roane relative to this issue also appears in the Southeastern Native American Documents Database as ch018 .
Repository:The Tennessee State Library and Archives, Nashville, TN
Collection:State Library Cherokee Collection
Box: 1
Folder: 22

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28th. April 1802Dear Sir,

I regret the Unwarrantable transactions which I understand have taken place in your County. You are more exposed to danger in case of an Indian War than any other part of the State, And I am sorry to hear that some of the Citizens [added: Inhabitants] by their Conduct seem more disposed to bring on a War than the Citizens of any other place. I do not believe there is any danger yet in your quarter, but if the people persist in their present line of Conduct I cannot Answer for the consequences. The innocent blood that will probably be shed will lie at their door, and they will merit the reproach of every good Citizen.

If real danger should occur I shall use every means in my power to protect and preserve the lives and property of my fellow Citizens; But all my efforts to prevent that danger will be rendered Abortive unless the Orderly Citizens take some measures to check that turbulent spirit which seems but too much to prevail in some part of your County.— Why cannot a prosecution be commenced against Richmond and Irwin If they are guilty of a Wanton Act in Violation of the laws and treaties they ought to suffer the penalty, and any [unclear: Barters ] that have been or may be made that they cannot be taken to Justice, will fail. No man in the state need pretend to be superior to the law, Nor

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shall I be deterred from discharging the duties I owe to the State by such empty boasts.

If on the contrary they believe themselves Justifiable in killing the Indian, they ought for their own sakes to surrender themselves to the Civil Authority of the State and court an enquiry into the nature of the transaction that their innocence might appear to the World. If such an Enquiry should take place, and they should be found [unclear] Justifiable if might have a good effect on the minds of the Indians and would remove the impressions which have been made on my mind by the reports in Circulation.

I wish to hear from you on this subject and to have a true impartial statement of the case, either supported by Affidavits or in such other form as may be most admissable.

Without something of this kind any steps I might take to tranquillize the minds of the Indians would be attended with doubt and uncertainty and might in the end prove injurious.

The Judges will be on the road to Nashville in a few days perhaps this might be a favourable [favorable] opportunity to determine in what manner to proceed in making a Statement of the facts or to procure a warrant if it should be thought proper, and necessary.

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The Letter from Mr. B. Blackburn to which I alluded in mine to Col.o [Colonel] McKinney stated that the Indian [unclear] was killed by Richmond and Irwin That the people were much alarmed and requested support in case of danger. That Majr [Major] Russell was collecting a party to go to the mountains in search of some Indian camps and he was afraid of the consequences. He stated also that frequent Barters were made that the men could not be brought to justice, and concluded with expressing a hope that they would be convinced to the contrary.

Mr. Blackburn s Letter is somehow mislaid. I am inclined to believe the information respecting Major Russell was inaccurate as I have not heard any thing of it since

A. [Archibald] Roane

No. 1
Letter to Col.o [Colonel] McKinney 28 April 1802

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I had a Letter from Mr. Blackburn on this subject and [added: not] having not time at present to write to him particularly. I have enclosed this to him that he may read it and send it on to you.

I am Dr [Dear] Sir with respect Your mo. obdt Servt. [most obedient servant" TYPE="suspensions]
Archibald Roane
Colo [Colonel] Henry McKinney Jackson County

The Letter from Mr. B. Blackburn [unclear]

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