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Title:[Letter] 1829 Aug. 29, New Echota [to] Gov[erno]r of Tennessee, William Carroll / Jno [i.e., John] Ross ... [et al.] : a machine-readable transcription
Author:Ross, John, 1790-1866
Author:Hicks, William
Author:Lowrey, George
Author:Ridge, Major, ca. 1771-1839

This work is the property of The Tennessee State Library and Archives, Nashville, TN. It may be used freely by individuals for research, teaching, and personal use as long as this statement of availability is included in the text.

Date: August 29, 1829
Extent: 6p
Summary:This is a letter from a delegation of Cherokee leaders, including John Ross, William Hicks, George Lowrey, and Major Ridge, to William Carroll, Governor of Tennessee (1821-1827,1829-1835), dated August 29, 1829. The Cherokees express their unwillingness to convene a meeting with commissioners for the purpose of hearing proposals regarding removal to a territory west of the Mississippi River. They indicate that they have already informed the President and the Governor that they do not intend to sell more land now or in the future and convening a meeting for that purpose would be pointless.
Repository:The Tennessee State Library and Archives, Nashville, TN
Collection:State Library Cherokee Collection
Box: 1
Folder: 23

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New Echota Cherokee Nation
August 29th 1829
Dear Sir,

Your communication of this date Containing the object of your visit to the Nation under instruction from the Secretary of War is received and maturely deliberated in on in Executive Councils Convened for the express purpose. The deep interest felt on the part of the President of the U. States for the removal of the Cherokees West of the Mississippi is Known to the Nation, It is a subject that has often & long since been submitted for consideration and been deliberated by the Councils of the Nation with all that solemnity its importance deserves, and the conclusion and result of those deliberations have been expressed in soberness & sincerity to the Govt. of the U States , adverse to a removal- And We declare that those sentiments and disposition remain the same and are unchangeable; you state that you are instructed simply to propose, that " We will agree to meet Commissioners to be appointed

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by the President, at such time as may best suit the Convenience of both parties for the purpose of discussing the subject of the Cherokee removing West of the Mississippi ; and that we would then have an opportunity of hearing the propositions of the Government."-

It is deemed inexpedient to enter into a special agreement to meet Commissioners for the purpose of discussing the subject of the Cherokees removing West of the Mississippi . When it is well known that the disposition of the Nation is adverse to a removal and that no proposition could be made to change their disposition as to induce them ever to enter into a treaty on the Subject- Especially as the proper authorities of the Nation are ever ready at all times to receive in the most friendly manner all public public functionaries of the U States that may be appointed by the President for the purpose of Submitting Subjects for our consideration.

The Executive Department of the Nation will never neglect to attend to such business

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during the recess of the Genl. [General] Council (as is manifest on the present occasion) and the Legislative Department during its session (which is convened annually on the second Monday of October) in like manner will always receive and act upon all Subjects submitted for their consideration & decision —. The right of Individual States exercising jurisdiction over the Territory solemnly secured & Guarantied to the Cherokee Nation by treaty, is a subject that is certainly questionable— The principles contained in [added: the] Constitution of the U. States & the Treaties establishing relationships between the U. States & the Cherokee Nation are in variance to the exercise of such a power by the State Government. We are aware that a decision on this important Subject must [added: seal] our fate in prosperity & happiness or in missery [misery] and distruction [destruction]- But Confiding in the magnanimity & justice of the United States , we place our dependence upon their plighted faith & await the result — We are happy

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to hear that [added: it] affords you much sattisfaction [satisfaction] to find that the best feelings exist every where towards the U. States in the Nation And that you will take occasion to Communicate this fact to the Prest. [President] of the U. States in contradiction to the slanderous reports circulated by the frontier News Papers prejudicial to the best interest of the Cherokee People. Permit us Sir in addition to say that so far from the Cherokees entertaining any hostile feelings toward the Citizens of the U. States — that in our opinion, no people could be found in the U. States , who would, in case of actual war, prove more loyal to the cause of the U. States that the Cherokees —. Yourself as well as the President of the U States have witnessed this fact realized during the late war — With great pleasure we reciprocate your wishes for the future happiness of this Nation. In return you will please to accept the best wishes for your health & happiness & for the peace

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and prosperity of the United States —. In behalf of the Cherokee Nation

We have the honor to be Sir Very Respectfully Yr.Obt. Servts [Your Obedient Servants].
Jno [John] Ross
Geo. [George] Lowrey
William Hicks
Major Ridge

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To His Ex.cy [Excellency] William Carroll Govr. [Governor] of Tennessee Present.

[unclear: n ]


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